projected future uses of coal in south africa

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  • South Africa - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Apr 29, 2015 ... However, coal consumption in South Africa is expected to continue to .... Project Ikhwezi, to sustain gas supplies to the GTL facility in the future.

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  • The Future of South African Coal - Stanford University

    markets and what might shape their development in the future. ... South Africa's economically recoverable coal reserves are estimated at between 15 and 55.

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  • An Overview of the Botswana's Coal Resources and Future Plans

    The Future is Coal. ❖ Power ... Conduct Market Analysis to come up with current and projected future coal ... Compares favourably with South African Export. 11...

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  • In South Africa, Renewables Vie With the Political Power of Coal by ...

    Although coal has dominated the South African electricity sector for decades, the country's ... 12 Dec 2013: The Future of Coal: An e360 Report .... because of a projected decline in the country's electricity demand and projected increased...

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  • Africa at the coalface of development: The dilemma of coal as a ...

    Sep 10, 2013 ... As of 2008, coal production in Africa was projected to increase at an average of .... (7) Eberhard, A., 'The future of South African coal: Market,...

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  • Uses of Coal | Coal Use | World Coal Association

    All sources of energy will be needed to meet future energy demand, including coal. ... The most significant uses of coal are in electricity generation, steel...

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  • The economics of methane in South African coal ...

    With global warming and the Kyoto Protocol the future of coal and also coal mining has ... (a) the environmental branding of South African coal and (b) the use of Kyoto ... South Africa is vulnerable to predicted climate change impacts, has an...

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  • What is the current situation with regard to South African ... - erc

    projections for the future? ... There have been three official analyses of South Africa's greenhouse gas (GHG) ... Coal as feedstock in Petrochem industry. 0.75.

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  • America has the worlds largest supply of coal

    To meet our projected petroleum needs, we will rely on tapping our ... Like all energy sources, the cost of coal is likely to increase in the future, if for no other .... was making gasoline and diesel from coal, and South Africa still does so today.

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  • South Africa's energy supply

    Nov 27, 2012 ... In fact, South Africa's energy demand is expected to be twice the current ... South Africa, which has always been heavily dependent on coal, is looking at ... While it is largely used to generate electricity, a significant amount is...

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  • The Oil Drum: Europe | What Future for Coal in South Africa?

    Aug 12, 2008 ... Jeremy discusses the role of coal in South Africa's energy mix, ... This growth in coal use – especially by Eskom and – is expected to...

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  • The Benefits and Challenges Associated With Coal in South Africa ...

    Sep 30, 2014 ... The estimated cost of power from both Medupi and Kusile is expected to be about ... However, the future of coal in South Africa also faces many...

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  • Characterization of the coal resources of South Africa - saimm

    Estimates for South Africa's coal recoverable reserves made in 1999 range from nine to 59 ... could be used in the future to exploit them, and the alternative...

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  • Coal and future energy production - Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE)

    Coal and future energy production ... quarters of the coal it uses – the main sources being Russia, South Africa, Indonesia, ... Challenges to future use of coal ... Electricity generation from coal is projected to decrease in the UK over the next 15...

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  • Coal's hidden water cost to South Africa - Greenpeace

    A water war is looming in the north of South Africa and coal is right in the ..... the future. And it seems the government is leaning politically towards allocating its...

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  • No coal, no growth, says South African power company chief - CNN ...

    Dec 23, 2011 ... Coal has been used very successfully and will be used in future in South Africa. It's a natural resource that we have, we've been very successful...

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  • Coal and Sustainable Development - International Energy Agency

    continue to play in world energy supply for the foreseeable future. ... modern technology in coal use) and issues arising from increasingly liberalized .... case projected a 51% contribution from coal in 2020 and a 50% contribution in 2030. ..... The current public debate on coal in South Africa has been narrowly focused on the...

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  • Solar and wind power battle with coal in South Africa | Environment ...

    Dec 12, 2013 ... Coal power plant in South Africa : Steam billows from Kempton Park Power Station .... or a water use permit, according to the Afrikaans-language newspaper, Beeld. ... of a projected decline in the country's electricity demand and projected ... attempt by the coal industry to entrench itself in the region's future.

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  • Energy policies for sustainable development in South Africa Options ...

    ... acronyms used xv. Part I: Energy for sustainable development – a profile of South Africa ... 2.4 Outlook for the future – technologies and policies. 18 .... Since most projections indicate that coal will continue to be used for some time to come,.

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  • Demand for coal will be driven by China and India

    Oct 14, 2013 ... ... Australia, Indonesia and as far away as Colombia and South Africa. The International Energy Agency (IEA) last year predicted that coal ... While there is a general consensus that demand for thermal coal, used in power generation, ... storage technology will secure the long-term future for coal, they say.

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  • The Future of Coal - MIT

    Jul 12, 2006 ... MIT STUDY ON THE FUTURE OF COAL. Copyright © 2007 ..... and to one-sixth or less that in the BAU projection. 1. ..... South Africa. 268.

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  • south africa's diminishing coal reserves - South African Journal of ...

    Sep 29, 2010 ... South Africa's coal reserves have been significantly reduced since 2003 and a ..... for informed projections on the future of the coal industry',.

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  • Coal Mining in South Africa - Overview

    A profile of Coal Mining in South Africa with directories of companies, people, industry ... state that South Africa's coal reserves are estimated to be 53 billion tonnes. ... the future of South Africa's coal industry depends on the development of the...

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  • Coal deposits of South Africa - the future of coal mining in South Africa

    Coal deposits of South Africa - the future of coal mining in South Africa ... Africa. South Africa is the fifth largest coal producing country in the world. The first part .... private mining companies to the state, which is estimated to take five years. Dur-.

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  • the south african coal roadmap - South African National Energy ...

    endowment of coal in South Africa, its continued use presents many challenges and .... At the time of writing the Roadmap (May 2013), the future that is evolving is best ... the timing, capacity and projected qualities of new mines, as well as the...

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  • Nuclear Power in South Africa | South African Nuclear Energy

    Mar 21, 2015 ... South African government commitment to the future of nuclear energy is ... of which around 80% is South African, mostly coal-fired, and largely under the ... In December 2013 the projected 2030 demand was reduced by 6600...

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    constraints facing the coal mining industry in South Africa. .... implemented to meet projected power supply capacities in the future. Then in 2009 there.

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  • Coal Mines in South Africa Intelligence and Info | Africa Mining IQ

    With an estimated 30 billion tons of reserves, coal mines in South Africa are capable of sustaining current outputs for another 200 years into the future. Detailed...

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  • South Africa and coal - SourceWatch

    South Africa, which is estimated to have produced 244 million tonnes of coal in 2006, ... Most of South Africa's CO2 emissions are from use of coal, and overall, CO2 ..... on coal, this issue has huge ramifications for our future development path.

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  • 2. Energy supply and demand: trends and prospects

    the region of key interest in future energy development. The vast ... Africa. Central & South America. *Projections after 2004. Note: does not include traditional biomass ... percentage terms, gas and coal are likely to show the greatest change with increases ... the use of renewable sources of energy is expected to expand.

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